ULCERA


perdita di sostanza degli strati epiteliali che si approfonda fino a raggiungere il connettivo sottoepiteliale. Rispetto alla erosione, l’ulcera mostra scarsa tendenza alla risoluzione spontanea e una più netta distinzione di margini e fondo. Quest’ultimo può essere appianato, a forma di scodella, a cratere, rilevato, ed essere formato da tessuto necrotico o granuleggiante.

Oral squamous-cell carcinoma


Oral squamous-cell carcinoma is the most frequent type of oral cancer, affecting predominantly more males aged between 50 and 70 years. The main, predisposing and known factors are tobacco (cigarettes, cigars, betel, chewing tobacco) and alcohol. Other factors can include: pre-existing lesions (potentially malignant disorders – erythroleukoplakia, leuokoplakia, lichenoid dysplasia), chronic trauma (e.g....

Mucous membrane pemphigoid


Mucous membrane pemphigoid is a heterogeneous group of chronic, autoimmune, subepithelial, blistering diseases which predominantly involve the mucous membranes (mainly oral and ocular) and occasionally the skin. It is chronic with an autoimmune aetiology, rather rare, and more common in patients between 50 and 70 years of age, especially females. Its pathology...

Epulis


An epulis is a localised increase in gingival volume related to inflammatory causes, such as an accumulation of plaque and tartar. It presents as a swelling, generally less than 2cm in diameter with a pink, smooth surface; on occasions it is lobulated, and can rarely grow to cover the dental crown, incurring trauma...